Hughenden is a small town (population 1,154 in the 2006 census) on the Flinders Highway, and railway line, between Townsville and Mt Isa; it is the administrative centre of the Shire of Flinders. Hughenden lies near the northern edge of the Mitchell Grass Plains stretching away to the south and adjacent to three other bioregions including the basalt country to the north with numerous gorges and canyons. Hughenden is a predominantly cattle grazing region, parts of which are cattle tick country requiring pastoralists to acquire tick resistant cattle. Pastoral activity in the 1800s was restricted by lack of fresh water until the artesisn basin was discovered; the first bore in Queensland was drilled in 1887 and the water problem was solved. Numerous dinosaue fossils have been found in the vicinity of the town, notably of Muttaburrasaurus.