Croydon is a small town of about 250 people. The Croydon area was settled by pastoralists in the early 1880s. In November 1885 gold was discovered at the site of the present town; other Queensland gold mines were exhausted so miners flocked to Croydon in large numbers and the population was soon many thousands (estimated 6000 by 1899 including satellite townships). From 1886 crushing batteries were erected and vast quantities of galvanised iron were used for buildings which could survive insects, pests, heat and rain; galvanised iron buildings could also be relocated to follow the latest gold strikes. In 1891 a train line to the port Normanton was completed to carry stores. The gold ran out after 1906 with limited mining until 1923. Croydon is the administrative centre of the Shire of Croydon.