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Coober Pedy is an opal mining centre in the biggest opal field in the world providing about 80% of the world's gem-quality opals. The town is hot and dry; the climate is classified as desert in the Koppen classification system. Average rainfall is 156 mm a year, and average maximum temperature is 28° for the year with January as the hottest month with daily average maximum temperature of 36°. To escape the heat many residents live underground. This practice is said to have been initiated by returned World War One soldiers to whom the idea of living in a cave or hole in the ground was not unusual. Now there is an underground church, shops and businesses as well as residences.|
Coober Pedy is on the Stuart Highway 846 kilometres north of Adelaide. Population was 1,916 in the 2006 census. Position is 29° 00'S, 134° 46'E.