Copper was discovered in 1867 and the town of Cloncurry grew to service the mine. Copper and gold mining remains a significant local activity. Uranium was mined in the 1950s until the deposit was worked out. The town contains a number of mining and engineering businesses as well as supporting the cattle industry; the saleyards are the largest in this part of Queensland. The town is the administrative centre for the Shire of Cloncurry. Population 2,384 (2006 census). Cloncurry is a transport node with a railway line and major highways passing through. The Flying Doctor Service was initiated in Cloncurry in 1928 and there is a Flying Doctor Service museum in town.